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May 23, 2024
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Ecosystem

Debugging PyFlink import issues

Solutions to a common issue that Python developers face when setting up PyFlink to handle real-time data.

The logos of Flink and Python
Quix Streams combines an Apache Kafka client with a stream processing library, offering a feature-rich pure Python alternative to the kafka-python library. Deploy on your stack or on Quix Cloud for scalable, stateful and fault-tolerant ETL without the headache of cross-language debugging.

👉 Star the repo on GitHub and pip install quixstreams to get started.

Introduction

As Apache Flink’s official Python API, PyFlink is meant to make Flink more accessible to data scientists and analysts more comfortable with Python. However, given that it is a thin wrapper around Flink’s native Java API, it can be tricky for Python users to debug. In this article, we'll tackle a common issue Python developers face when setting up PyFlink to handle real-time data.

The problem

When trying to run Flink’s basic word count example, some users reported the receiving the error

ImportError: No module named pyflink

Or the more verbose variant:

Caused by: java.io.IOException: Failed to execute the command: python -c import pyflink;
import os;print(os.path.join(os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(pyflink.file)), 'bin')) 
output: Traceback (most recent call last): File "", line 1, in ImportError: 
No module named pyflink

Causes and solutions

This is sometimes caused by installing the wrong module i.e. by running `pip install pyFlink` instead of the correct install command `python -m pip install apache-flink`.

When installing PyFlink ensure that you are using a virtual environment that meets the minimum Python requirements (currently Python versions 3.8, 3.9, 3.10 or 3.11).

 To help you set your environment up, the Flink maintainers provide a setup script: setup-pyflink-virtual-env.sh

  • At the time of writing, the link to the convenience script was broken in the current docs, but you can find an older version of it in the version 1.12 documentation.
  • For some users, the issue was fixed when the executed their environments Python using the ‘pyexec’ command like so: '-pyexec /venv/bin/python3’

Another issue can be the casing in the import statement. Imports are case-sensitive. Remember that the package name is "pyflink", not "pyFlink" so make sure that you're importing PyFlink correctly:

from pyflink.datastream import StreamExecutionEnvironment

If you’re trying to run any of the examples from the documentation, also make sure Flink is running on your local machine. You can start it with start-cluster.sh. See the Flink docs for more information on running Flink locally.

If you’re planning to use Apache Kafka with PyFlink, also make sure that you download the required kafka connector JAR file and set the configuration parameters like so.

# If you're only using the StreamExecutionEnvironment
env.add_jars("file:///path/to/jars/flink-connector-kafka_3.1.0-1.18")

# If you're using the StreamTableEnvironment
config = t_env.get_config().get_configuration()
config.set_string("pipeline.jars","file:///path/to/jars/flink-connector-kafka_3.1.0-1.18")

If you’d rather not download a Jar file to connect to Kafka, consider a pure Python alternative

Assuming you’re not yet heavily invested in Flink, you might consider using a pure Python, client-side stream processing engine rather than a server-side processing engine (which Flink is). This can significantly simplify debugging, dependency management and deployment. There aren’t too many Python stream processing engines to choose from but the ecosystem is growing. Faust is one option, but its roadmap is uncertain after it was abandoned by its creator (Robinhood) and picked up by community maintainers.  Quix Streams is similar in ethos to Faust but maintained by a Quix, a startup that also provides a cloud-based solution for hosting stream processing applications. 

How Quix Streams works in a nutshell

Quix Streams uses the concept of a Streaming DataFrame to provide developers with a familiar Pandas-like API for working with streaming data. Below is an example of a tumbling window calculation from our documentation. It reads in raw temperature readings from the input topic and outputs the average of those readings in 1-hour windows (so you’d get 24 readings per day, one for each hour). It connects to Kafka via the “Application” class (where you specify the broker address),

import os
from quixstreams import Application

app = Application(broker_address="localhost:9092",consumer_group="transformation-v1", 
					auto_offset_reset="earliest")

input_topic = app.topic(os.environ["input"])
output_topic = app.topic(os.environ["output"])

sdf = app.dataframe(input_topic)

sdf = (
    sdf.apply(lambda value: value["temperature"])
    .tumbling_window(duration_ms=timedelta(hours=1))
    .mean()
    .final()
    .apply(
        lambda result: {
            "avg_temperature": result["value"],
            "window_start_ms": result["start"],
            "window_end_ms": result["end"],
        }
    )
)

sdf = sdf.update(lambda row: print(f"Output for window: {row}"))
sdf = sdf.to_topic(output_topic)

if __name__ == "__main__":
    app.run(sdf)

As you can see, the syntax is fairly succinct and easy to read. Other benefits of Quix streams include:

  • Native Python API for easier debugging and error tracing.
  • No Java Dependency: It simplifies your stack and means you don’t have to debug Java errors
  • Interoperability: It works seamlessly with other Python libraries in the ML and data ecosystem

To learn more about Quix Streams, see the documentation and GitHub repository.

What’s a Rich Text element?

The rich text element allows you to create and format headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, images, and video all in one place instead of having to add and format them individually. Just double-click and easily create content.

Static and dynamic content editing

A rich text element can be used with static or dynamic content. For static content, just drop it into any page and begin editing. For dynamic content, add a rich text field to any collection and then connect a rich text element to that field in the settings panel. Voila!

How to customize formatting for each rich text

Headings, paragraphs, blockquotes, figures, images, and figure captions can all be styled after a class is added to the rich text element using the "When inside of" nested selector system.

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